After Azerbaijan gained independence, Ganja as well as all of the country experienced
not so easy times. The happened events have not left the citizens as indifferent
spectators. Every Ganjali taken separately as well as the whole city repeatedly
influenced current of the basic events of Azerbaijan.
In spite of the fact that today concentration
of the investments is in Baku and Ganja is non-comparable with the capital,
the town as well as always in the history of Azerbaijan occupies one of
the conducting positions almost in all spheres. The changes pleasing one's
eyes and installing hope in souls of the citizens gradually occur in Ganja
. The prospectuses and streets, areas and the avenues of Ganja return to
themselves their beauty lost as a result of thoughtless building of boothes
and shops. The submission of gas is renewed in all areas of the city.
At the expense of development of private sector and the realizations of
a privatization new workplaces are open. Having large intelectual, personnel
and scientific potential Ganja became the place attractive to business
circles. Firms and companies that functioned only in Baku are looking
towards regions and especially Ganja. First of all Ganja have mastered
branches of conducting banks of the country.
Today Stock-Commercial Bank "Ganjabank"
is the only bank in city (not a branch) that works outside Baku. On the
given moment the bank with the central office in the centre of Ganja has
one branch "Kapaz". The bank serves about 200 clients, among which are
Ganja Factory of Non-ferrous Metals Processing, Ganja Airrepair factory,
Carpet Combine, JV "┼lco" and SSL "Shamkir-cognac" also has correspondent
accounts with conducting banks of the world, such as "Citibank" USA, "Commerzbank"
of Germany, "Unastrum" of Russia, "Roscredit" of Russia, " the International
Bank " and "Mostbank" Azerbaijans. The bank has 22 points of exchange
in the city.
Ganja Regional Depatment of National Bank,
branches of such banks as "International Bank of Azerbaijan", "Respublika", "Agroprombank",
"╠-bank", "Demiryolbank", "Turanbank", "Mostbank", "Atabank" also work in the city.
Ganja Regional Depatment of National Bank
being a conductor of reforms of National Bank of republic in Ganja region
covers Khanlar, Goranboy, Samukh, Dashkesan areas and Naftalan. The private
business system accounting and remittances of the former Soviet Union
have appeared as a good mechanism in hands of the unscrpulous people,
taking billions at the expense of the credits and fictitious 'aviso' from
absolutely tiny regional banks. Hearing the word ' Chechen aviso ', 'MFO',
becoming attributes of the end 94 beginnings 95 years, when a parity non-cash
and cash rouble up to 95 %, i.e. having listed has risen to the firm -
intermediary 100 r. You received in cash only 5 roubles (now these figures
seem unnatural). The management founded on July 1994 as the zone Accounting-Cash
Centre, where each bank has a correspondent account, was barrier arbitrariness
in bank sphere of republic. Actually in one year all above-stated illegal
operations have got rid themselves.
It would be desirable to note the activity
of the " International Bank ", a winner of "Euromoney" magazine in the
"Banks" nomination, which on estimations of the international experts
is the most equipped bank of CIS. ; As it is known
banks are reflection of the condition of economy, but the basis of economy
is manufacture. As a result of disintegration of the Soviet Union the
majority of the industrial enterprises of city, which were of allied scale
and constructed with account on the market and raw base of the whole country,
has lost both market and raw base. As a consequence such giants as aluminium,
porcelain, confectionery, instrument-making, canning,furniture and ferro-concrete
factories, factory of processing non-ferrous metals, factory "Billur",
beer factory, carpet and textile combines and other enterprises of the
city have stopped. It resulted with sharp increase of the level of unemployments
and accordingly downturn of a standard of living of the population of
city . Many have left city and have set off in capital of republic or
in neighbouring countries in searches of work.
Followed by disintegration of the Soviet Union the
periods of anarchy, arbitrariness and lawlessness still more have affected
on level of emigration of the capable population of city, some of which
even have preferred to become the citizens of other countries finding
there application to their abilities and talents. But we hope very much,
that Ganjalies never turned away from the native land and, that each of
them in depth of soul dreams of returning back in the city, having proved
business here, having created workplaces here and to contribute to prosperity
of native city.
" The Life is a wheel of a cart. Ones are
lifted upwards, while the others are gone downwards ". And confirming
words of Zaratushtra, Ganja having transferred breath after cataclisms
(one can't name the happened event in other words) continues following
the way begun many centuries ago. Small bakeries, confectionery shops
are open, commercial shops have got over from cellars in smart rooms,
privatization refueling successfully has passed stations, small enterprises,
One of vivid examples of development of private sector
is Joint-Stock Society of open type "Metal-plastic" being on our opinion
as a sample in the field of marketing, organization of manufacture and
managements. Controlled by the managers of new generation, the enterprise
makes more than 75 names of products, beginning from equipments for education
as tables, boards etc., office furniture, uniforms, products of consumer
goods from nails (40mm-120mm) up to accumulators (60,100 and 180 amper)
and finishing by plastic products of weight from 1 gramme up to 5 kg.
The production due to the balanced price policy and powerful marketing
never lies too long in warehouses. On the photo at the left is shown only
small part from very colourful and informative booklet of the enterprise.
Factory "Billur" with the industrial
area more than hectare and with more than 100 workers, in the Soviet epoch
basically specialized on electronics and letting out calculators, electronic
games and military production, today lets out TV sets "Mercury" for the
sum more than 900 millions manat per year capable to compete with the
known marks of the world.
Instrument-making factory on which
more than 700 citizens work, is one of the conducting enterprises of city
and makes counters of the gas and water charge and for the sum more than
4 billions manat per one year, the need in which sharp is felt in Baku
and which are a product of export not making a concession similar to products
of western companies, is strong differs with them in the price.
The special mention is worthy former Alluminium factory, and nowadays
Industrial Association "Glinozem". This industrial giant constructed in
1976 and extended in 1986 at the expense of delivery in operation of a
site of manufacture boxits and designed on manufacture 450 thousand tons
of alluminium oksidants, switching 300 thousand tons boxit and 150 thousand
tons alunit. By a collateral product manufactures of the specified products
were 390 thousand tons sulfat acid and 103 thousand tons calium sulfat.
In different times on the enterprise was engaged from 2000 up to 3000
men. In the given time, having lost relations with the suppliers and by
the consumers the factory functions only on 5-10 of % from the capacity,
finding ways of exit from the usual situation and further development.
Deserving attention it is possible to name that fact, that at offices
of the enterprise will be carried out repairs,which will allow to not
strike in a dirt in front of potential investors and clients, trying to
follow the famous proverb " meet by one's clothes... ", and one can't
borrow wiseness from the managers of the enterprises.